Economist Deirdre McCloskey will soon release her new book entitled "Bourgeois Equality:  How Ideas…
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Image of the Day: A Powerful Tribute to Free Market Capitalism

Economist Deirdre McCloskey will soon release her new book entitled "Bourgeois Equality:  How Ideas, Not Capital or Institutions, Enriched the World." It it, she describes the unprecedented transformation  and improvement of human wellbeing through the power of economic freedom, as illustrated by this graph:

. [caption id="" align="aligncenter" width="568" caption="The Power of Free Markets"][/caption]

. As McCloskey summarizes, that's the result of the free market revolution:

. [I]n the two centuries after 1800, the trade-tested goods and services available to the average person in Sweden or Taiwan rose by a factor of 30 or 100.  Not 100 percent, understand - a mere doubling - but in its highest estimate a factor of 100, nearly 10,000 percent, and at least a factor of 30…[more]

August 18, 2017 • 01:52 pm

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Congress Considering America’s Version of Egypt’s Internet 'Kill Switch' Print
By Ashton Ellis
Tuesday, February 01 2011
A president will be able to control access to the Internet whenever he deems it necessary.

With the Egyptian government repeatedly jamming its citizens’ access to the Internet during the country’s ongoing protests, one bill making its way through the U.S. Congress is getting heightened scrutiny.  Originally titled the “Cyberspace as a National Security Asset Act of 2010,” the bill has been dubbed by critics as the “Internet kill switch bill.”  If passed, it would give President Barack Obama the power to order private companies to shut down their online activities. 

Technically, the bill must be reintroduced since it failed to pass both houses of Congress before the lame duck session ended.  In a recent announcement, Senator Susan Collins (R-ME) plans to do just that.

Supporters of the bill’s 2010 version, including co-sponsoring Senators Joe Lieberman (I-CT), Tom Carper (D-DE), along with Collins, claim the president’s ability to turn off Internet access would only apply during national emergencies.  If a private company maintains a system or asset the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) considers part of the government’s “critical infrastructure,” the president would have plenary power to order a shutdown. 

Amendments accepted in Lieberman’s Senate Homeland Security Committee last December lowered the threshold for being considered critical infrastructure.  The legislation gave three requirements.  First, disruption of the company’s computer system could cause “severe economic consequences.”  Second, the company’s computer system “is a component of the national information infrastructure.”  Third, the “national information infrastructure is essential to the reliable operation of the (private company’s computer) system.” 

Collins’ reintroduced version would likely include those amendments as part of her base bill. 

One of those amendments expressly eliminated judicial review, meaning that any decisions made pursuant to a cyber threat national emergency would be unreviewable by a federal court.  This includes giving sole discretion to DHS Secretary Janet Napolitano for deciding which private companies are part of the nation’s critical infrastructure.  Appeals of her decisions go to…her.  Score one for Orwellian oversight. 

But wait; there’s more.  In order to entice technology industry members into supporting (or at least not opposing) the bill, the Senate Homeland Security Committee also inserted language immunizing private companies from lawsuits by customers injured from disruptions in service due to a shutdown order.  Moreover, the U.S. Treasury would be responsible for reimbursing for economic damages due to a shutdown, making U.S. taxpayers, once again, the backstop for government meddling. 

The bill is also dense in its discussion of creating new layers of bureaucracy.  The centerpiece of the new regulatory apparatus is the creation of the National Center for Cybersecurity and Communications (NCCC) inside DHS.  The NCCC would be headed by a Senate-confirmed director reporting directly to DHS Secretary Napolitano.  The idea is to house the department’s cyber security coordination in one place, but the turf staked out for the NCCC director is arguably already patrolled by other high level DHS officials.  Nonetheless, the bill authorizes the NCCC director to have “no less” than two deputy directors with whom to extend his reach. 

But for all its focus on personnel, Collins’ forthcoming bill is vague in outlining which kinds of circumstances would merit being called national emergencies.  The approach is to give the president the widest latitude possible.  In practice, that will leave an almost limitless field of action open to the president to define and exercise his powers.  With the same authority granted by Collins’ bill, a president will be able to control access to the Internet whenever he deems it necessary. 

That kind of expansive executive discretion should trouble every American.  Egypt’s government stymied protesters’ attempts to coordinate activities via Internet-based social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter.  When Secretary Napolitano released reports warning about the dangers to national security posed by Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans, pro-life organizations and limited government advocates, it did not take much to envision targeted shutdowns of those groups’ activities, including Internet access.  It’s time for the liberals in Congress and the Obama Administration to remember that American civil liberties apply to Americans too. 

Question of the Week   
How many times between 1996 and 2016 did the U.S. Congress pass a full federal budget instead of relying on continuing resolutions or omnibus spending bills?
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Quote of the Day   
 
"In 1993, when President Clinton signed the National Voter Registration Act (NVRA), its boosters claimed that it would solve, once and for all, a plethora of problems plaguing the nation's voter registration rolls.However, like many ballyhooed efforts, the Motor Voter Law, as it is best known, resulted in an even crazier system, with such absurdities as millions of people registered in more than one…[more]
 
 
—Robert Knight, American Civil Rights Union Senior Fellow
— Robert Knight, American Civil Rights Union Senior Fellow
 
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