In last week's Liberty Update, we highlighted the Heritage Foundation's 2022 Index of Economic Freedom…
CFIF on Twitter CFIF on YouTube
Image of the Day: More Economic Freedom = Higher Standard of Living

In last week's Liberty Update, we highlighted the Heritage Foundation's 2022 Index of Economic Freedom, which shows that Joe Biden has dragged the U.S. down to 22nd, our lowest rank ever (we placed 4th in the first Index in 1995, and climbed back up from 18th to 12th under President Trump).  As we noted, among the Index's invaluable metrics is how it demonstrates the objective correlation between more economic freedom and higher citizen standards of living, which this graphic illustrates:


May 19, 2022 • 12:53 PM

Liberty Update

CFIFs latest news, commentary and alerts delivered to your inbox.
A First Amendment Reckoning for Teachers Unions Print
By Ben Boychuk
Thursday, January 14 2016
The CTA isn’t supposed to use collective bargaining fees for political purposes. But Friedrichs point is that collective bargaining is politics.

If the First Amendment’s guarantee of freedom of association means anything at all, it should mean the freedom not to associate. If we respect freedom of speech, Americans should reject any compulsion whatsoever in political speech. And if the government is going to force you to do something, it better have an awfully good reason for it.

Freedom of speech and association are at the core of Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association, which challenges public-employee unions’ right to collect “agency shop fees” for collective bargaining purposes. Rebecca Friedrichs, an elementary school teacher from Orange County, California, and nine other plaintiffs argue that their union’s collective bargaining demands are really just another type of political speech, and they shouldn’t be compelled to pay to support it.

The U.S. Supreme Court on Monday heard arguments in Friedrichs in an unusual session that pitted the plaintiff’s attorney against lawyers from the CTA, the state of California and the U.S. Justice Department.

In its brief for Friedrichs, lawyers for the Center for Individual Rights contend that California runs the “largest regime of compelled political speech in the Nation” by requiring teachers to pay about 2 percent of their pay — upwards of $1,000 a year — in those agency fees, whether they like it or not.

The CTA isn’t supposed to use collective bargaining fees for political purposes. But Friedrichs point is that collective bargaining is politics.

CIR attorney Michael Carvin fended off queries from the court’s liberal bloc, asking him why they should overturn a four decade-old precedent in this case.

In 1977, the high court ruled in Abood v. Detroit Board of Education that the First Amendment protected non-union members from being forced to pay for a union’s political activities, but that they could be compelled to pay for other activities, notably collective bargaining costs. In California and other states without right-to-work laws, unions must give non-members a chance to opt out of paying for political activities, though they have never made it easy.

At one point, Justice Elena Kagan demanded, “What special justification are you offering here” to overturn Abood? Carvin replied that “the right of the citizen not to be subjected to unconstitutional treatment outweighs any reliance or predictability interests of stare decisis.” He might have simply said, “The First Amendment, your honor.” In any event, Kagan was unmoved. “Your answer is essentially you don’t need a special justification if” the first decision denied a constitutional right?

Well, yes. Shouldn’t that be obvious?

There is rich irony in witnessing self-styled progressives struggle to defend the status quo. But Abood was an anomalous case in some respects, and the court’s more conservative justices have lately begun to question whether it holds up.

Two years ago in Harris v. Quinn, a 5-4 majority led by Justice Samuel Alito appeared to lay the groundwork for a favorable decision in Friedrichs. In that case, the court drew a distinction between quasi-government workers such as home healthcare workers and “full-fledged” public employees (like teachers) who were required to pay fees under Abood.

Abood failed to appreciate the conceptual difficulty of distinguishing in public-sector cases between union expenditures that are made for collective-bargaining purposes and those that are made to achieve political ends,” Alito wrote. “In the private sector, the line is easier to see. Collective bargaining concerns the union’s dealings with the employer; political advocacy and lobbying are directed at the government. But in the public sector, both collective bargaining and political advocacy and lobbying are directed at the government.”

Alito was echoing the words of Justice Louis Powell, who in his concurring opinion in Abood actually anticipated Friedrichs’ argument. “Collective bargaining in the public sector is ‘political’ in any meaningful sense of the word,” Powell wrote. “This is most obvious when public-sector bargaining extends . . . to such matters of public policy as the educational philosophy that will inform the high school curriculum. But it is also true when public-sector bargaining focuses on such ‘bread and butter’ issues as wages, hours, vacations, and pensions.”

It’s hard to imagine the court sustaining Abood if the justices simply follow their own logic. A victory for Friedrichs would be a long overdue comeuppance for the teachers unions — and a vindication of the First Amendment rightly understood.


Quiz Question   
How many days does it take the average U.S. household to consume as much electrical power as one single bitcoin transaction?
More Questions
Notable Quote   
"Lawmakers continued to raise concerns about the Internal Revenue Service at a Congressional hearing this week as the agency deals with billions in misspent dollars, hefty processing backlogs, and complaints over poor customer service.Lawmakers lobbed questions at the tax-collecting agency during the House Ways and Means Oversight Subcommittee hearing.'The program has an annual improper payment rate…[more]
—Casey Harper, The Center Square
— Casey Harper, The Center Square
Liberty Poll   

Should any U.S. government agency have a function called the "Disinformation Governance Board" (See Homeland Security, Department of)?