The Sony cyberattack - apparently state-sponsored - obviously raises solemn concerns, including national…
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Google Seeks to Exploit Sony Cyberattack for Its Own Self-Interest

The Sony cyberattack - apparently state-sponsored - obviously raises solemn concerns, including national security and the very safety of American citizens.

Accordingly, immediate public discussion should focus primarily upon the gravity of the attack and how the Internet, one of the most transformative and beneficial innovations in human history, can sometimes become a tool for those with destructive and even deadly intent.  While Sony Pictures, its employees, and its customers were the immediate victims this time, the reality is that this could happen to anyone and any enterprise.  In fact, such attacks on other companies and individuals occur at an alarmingly accelerating pace.

Leave it to Google, however, to attempt to profit from the attack and leverage it on behalf of its own…[more]

December 19, 2014 • 03:09 pm

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Sarbanes-Oxley: An Unconstitutional Monument to Governmental Incompetence Print
By Timothy H. Lee
Thursday, December 10 2009
Seven years following its enactment, Sarb-Ox now stands as a monument to regulatory futility, costly government incompetence and disregard of the Constitution’s checks and balances.

Remember when Sarbanes-Oxley was supposed to prevent future market failures? 

It was July 30, 2002 – not even a decade ago. 

The world was witnessing a broad and unprecedented economic downturn.  Financial panic had descended in the wake of bookkeeping scandals and excessive corporate risk.  Such companies as Enron, WorldCom, Adelphia and Tyco became household names.  Investors large and small saw untold billions in paper wealth simply disappear.  Public confidence and esteem toward Wall Street plummeted to new lows, and we collectively wondered how we all could have been so short-sighted and overexuberant. 

Sound familiar? 

In response, righteous politicians, regulators and media pundits confidently stepped forward to save the day. 

They implored “never again!”  They scapegoated “market failure” and “deregulation” (even though the transgressions were already illegal).  They demanded burdensome new legislation that would prevent future market collapses.  They assured us that only government is large enough and powerful enough fix the problem and prevent it from recurring. 

The wise and omnipotent shamans in the Senate and House of Representatives directed us toward a mystical path out of our state of fear, and into a brave new world of everlasting comfort, prosperity and security. 

It’s name?  The Senate called it the “Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act,” and the House called it the “Corporate and Auditing Accountability and Responsibility Act.”  Collectively, it becomes popularly known as “Sarbanes-Oxley,” “Sarb-Ox” or simply “SOX.” 

The final Sarb-Ox bill contained no fewer than eleven broad title sections, and created a new federal bureaucracy called the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) to mandate and oversee accounting audits of public companies.  It also imposed an endless array of taxes and new regulations, disclosure requirements, outside audit guidelines, corporate governance dictates, criminal penalties, internal controls and conflict-of-interest rules. 

Sarb-Ox was supposed to stand as a shining monument of bipartisan federal benevolence, and usher in a new era of financial stability and trust. 

Well, that didn’t last very long. 

Merely six years later, what wasn’t supposed to happen again…  happened again. 

And like clockwork, the same politicians, pundits and power-seeking regulators blamed “deregulation” even though the financial industry that triggered the downturn was one of the most regulated – not deregulated – sectors of our economy. 

While the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) predicted in 2003 that Sarb-Ox would cost the average company only $91,000 per year, a 2008 SEC analysis concluded that compliance costs total $2.3 million for the average company. 

Sarb-Ox has also stifled initial public offerings in America, as an SEC survey reveals that 70% of small businesses and 44% of all public companies said that it has inclined them toward going private rather than public.  The survey also reveals that over 51% of responding companies state that Sarb-Ox has inclined them toward de-listing in the United States.  And more fundamentally, 74% of those responding to the survey confirmed that it has had “little or no impact” upon market confidence. 

In addition to failing at its intended purpose, however, Sarb-Ox also suffers from the drawback of being unconstitutional. 

This is because the proponents of Sarb-Ox, in their legislative haste, ignored Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution, which grants exclusive power to the President to appoint officers of the United States.  In defiance of that provision, Sarb-Ox collectively empowers the SEC to appoint PCAOB members, who in turn possess the power to regulate corporate auditors and companies. 

While this may sound trivial or technical, the appointment power was actually a critical concept in the minds of our Founding Fathers when they drafted the Constitution.  As noted by Sam Kazman, who serves as General Counsel at the Competitive Enterprise Institute (one of the plaintiffs in the Supreme Court case against Sarb-Ox), the framers had witnessed the oppressive power of England’s royal bureaucracies, and referred in the Declaration of Independence to the “multitude of new offices” and “swarms of officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.”  Accordingly, the Founding Fathers insisted upon greater bureaucratic accountability in establishing our system of checks and balances. 

Thus, Sarb-Ox is not only counterproductive, but unconstitutional. 

Seven years following its enactment, Sarb-Ox now stands as a monument to regulatory futility, costly government incompetence and disregard of the Constitution’s checks and balances.  It thus provides a timely lesson as the White House and Congress shower us with endless new iterations of Sarbanes-Oxley. 

Let us therefore learn from recent history, rather than allow Barack Obama, Harry Reid, Nancy Pelosi and Barney Frank to repeat it. 

Question of the Week   
Which one of the following Americans was the first to successfully fly a self-propelled, heavier-than-air aircraft?
More Questions
Quote of the Day   
 
"Former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani is condemning President Barack Obama for anti-police 'propaganda' in the wake of the murders of two New York City police officers in Brooklyn. When asked on 'Fox News Sunday' if he had ever seen the city he once governed so divided, Giuliani shook his head and said, 'I don'€™t think so.' Giuliani said blame rests on 'four months of propaganda,' which he…[more]
 
 
—Trevor Eischen, Politico.com
— Trevor Eischen, Politico.com
 
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